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Thursday, June 10, 2010

Safe Food when Power is Out

After leaving out stew meat all night because I forgot to defrost it properly (I just took it out of the freezer and laid it on the counter while bringing together the other ingredients.  What I neglected to do was put it back!), this morning I looked up the USDA chart for when food is no longer safe outside of freezing/refrigeration.

I wanted to print it here for those of us who may have forgotten how crucial it is to keep food cold!  Remember, if power goes out, you are going to lose any food that you can't safely cook using your barbeque, solar oven, or other such method.

ANY food that IS HELD AT 40 degrees for more than two hours: (MEANING YOU HAVE KEPT IT COLD FOR MORE THAN TWO HOURS, BUT AT A HIGHER TEMPERATURE THAN REQUIRED)
MEAT, POULTRY, SEAFOOD

Raw or leftover cooked meat, poultry, fish, or seafood; soy meat substitutes

Discard

Thawing meat or poultry Discard

Meat, tuna, shrimp,chicken, or egg salad Discard

Gravy, stuffing, broth Discard

Lunchmeats, hot dogs, bacon, sausage, dried beef Discard

Pizza – with any topping Discard

Canned hams labeled "Keep Refrigerated" Discard

Canned meats and fish, opened Discard

CHEESE

Soft Cheeses: blue/bleu, Roquefort, Brie, Camembert, cottage, cream, Edam, Monterey Jack, ricotta, mozzarella, Muenster, Neufchatel, queso blanco, queso fresco

Discard

Hard Cheeses: Cheddar, Colby, Swiss, Parmesan, provolone, Romano Safe

Processed Cheeses Safe

Shredded Cheeses Discard

Low-fat Cheeses Discard

Grated Parmesan, Romano, or combination (in can or jar) Safe

DAIRY

Milk, cream, sour cream, buttermilk, evaporated milk, yogurt, eggnog, soy milk

Discard

Butter, margarine Safe

Baby formula, opened Discard

EGGS

Fresh eggs, hard-cooked in shell, egg dishes, egg products

Discard

Custards and puddings Discard

CASSEROLES, SOUPS, STEWS Discard

FRUITS

Fresh fruits, cut

Discard

Fruit juices, opened Safe

Canned fruits, opened Safe

Fresh fruits, coconut, raisins, dried fruits, candied fruits, dates Safe

SAUCES, SPREADS, JAMS

Opened mayonnaise, tartar sauce, horseradish

Discard if above 50 °F for over 8 hrs.

Peanut butter Safe

Jelly, relish, taco sauce, mustard, catsup, olives, pickles Safe

Worcestershire, soy, barbecue, Hoisin sauces Safe

Fish sauces (oyster sauce) Discard

Opened vinegar-based dressings Safe

Opened creamy-based dressings Discard

Spaghetti sauce, opened jar Discard

BREAD, CAKES, COOKIES,PASTA, GRAINS

Bread, rolls, cakes, muffins, quick breads, tortillas

Safe

Refrigerator biscuits,rolls, cookie dough Discard

Cooked pasta, rice, potatoes Discard

Pasta salads with mayonnaise or vinaigrette Discard

Fresh pasta Discard

Cheesecake Discard

Breakfast foods –waffles, pancakes, bagels Safe

PIES, PASTRY

Pastries, cream filled

Discard

Pies – custard,cheese filled, or chiffon; quiche Discard

Pies, fruit Safe

VEGETABLES

Fresh mushrooms, herbs, spices

Safe

Greens, pre-cut, pre-washed, packaged Discard

Vegetables, raw Safe

Vegetables, cooked; tofu Discard

Vegetable juice, opened Discard

Baked potatoes Discard

Commercial garlic in oil Discard

Potato Salad Discard

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